Hydropower is renewable energy that comes from the force of moving water, you have to be near a water source to take advantage of this energy resource. Hydropower plants are built where natural waterfalls are found, and dams are constructed across rivers to create artificial waterfalls if needed.  Hydropower is the cheapest form of generating electricity, because once the dam is built water collection is free and passive.  Globally, hydropower accounts for about 17% of electricity production including Nigeria.

Hydropower is clean energy and is free to use, no fuel is burned, so no pollution is produced. Dams are designed to control water flow, so water can be stored in a reservoir to be used when needed. Building dams does disrupt the natural habitat, affecting wildlife and altering the natural flow of water.

Because of increasing concern regarding greenhouse gas emissions and global warming phenomena in recent years, there is worldwide renewed interest in hydropower generation, especially in small hydro development. Small hydro offers significant benefits in terms of faster deployment, distributed generation, small business opportunities, and significantly reduced concerns about regional environmental/ecological system disturbances, although the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) from small hydro generation is usually higher than from large hydro.

Small hydro opportunities and development are not new. However, a large amount of small hydro resources is still untapped. A DOE assessment (2004) revealed that a total of around 165 GW of hydro resources was undeveloped, 47 GW of which is on the mini-hydro scale of less than 1 MW. A later study verified that more than 125,000 small hydro sites with a total 30 GW of potential were technically and environmentally feasible (DOE 2006, Kosnik 2010). Previous assessments have been limited to river and stream potential, but additional small hydro resources can be exploited in man made channels such as irrigation canals and municipal water and wastewater conduits.

psiclone technology

Psiclones foresight is as follows.

  • With macro generation there is lots of disadvantages namely costs, capital raising and payback , spare parts, fuel source, maintenance, skills, infrastructure (Need transmission and distribution grids to transport power).  Also no benefit to country in job creation, manufacturing, skills development, profit,  etc.

  • Psiclone take the power to the end user. Hence 10 000 homes = 3kw x 10 000 units = 30 000 Kilo watts = 30 megawatts = power station

  • Small Hydro – 20 kw x 10 000 = 200 mega watts = large power station

Advantages

  1. Installation close to the customer source. therefore eliminating high infrastructure costs and time.

  2. With 10 000 customers we have 10 000 happy people that has electricity and light in their homes.

  3. With the paying customers the money is invested in infrastructure namely micro grids. getting more customers connected with the excess power.

  4. Progress then to small grids and then into the distribution system. Smart grid phase.

This means that the money is raised locally and the excessive loan paybacks of countries to the world bank is eliminated.